Indian Medicinal Plants - Fact Sheet

  • India one of 17 mega biodiversity countries
  • Contribute about 7% of world biodiversity
  • India has 15 Agro-climatic zones
  • Medicinal plants found from Himalayan to marine & desert to rain forest ecosystems
  • More than 7000 plants species have known used as medicinal plants out of 17000-18000 flowering plants species in India
  • Ayurveda – more than 3000 years old system of medicine has widespread acceptance
  • Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani systems of medicine have more than 90% formulations which are plant based
  • Domestic demand of medicinal plants has been estimated 1,95,000 MT for the year of 2014-15
  • Total consumption of herbal raw drug in the country for the year 2014-15 has been estimated 5,12,000 MT
  • About 22% of the production sourced through cultivation
  • 1178 species used in trade of which 242 species traded in excess of 100 MT / year
  • The export demand of medicinal plants estimated about 1, 34,500 MT with export value of ₹ 3211 Crore during 2014-15
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